April 9, 2016

History of Mutual Funds in the World

Mutual funds go back to the times of the Egyptians and Phoenicians when they sold shares in caravans and vessels to spread the risk of these ventures. The foreign and colonial government Trust of London of 1868 is considered to be the fore-runner of the modern concept of mutual funds. The USA is, however, considered to be the Mecca of modern mutual funds.

The establishment of investment companies which provided an opportunity to small investors to invest in the equity markets attracted the investment opportunity in the stock market. The first investment company was The Scottish-American Investment Company, set-up in London in 1860. Initially, these investment trusts became very popular and their number increased to over 50. But most of them were wiped-out in the 1890 stock market crisis. Continue reading

February 12, 2016

How Forecasts Can Help Optimize a Supply Chain

When it comes to optimizing supply chains, one of the most important set of calculations that need to be made are the forecasts. Being able to make accurate forecasts could make or break a company’s efforts to optimize their supply chain, as it is central to it in more ways than one.

“Why is the Forecast so Important?”

Every supply chain is based on manufacturing and delivering a product to consumers. As such, ultimately, it is designed around the sales of the product itself. At the time when the supply chain is designed however, those sales are not yet certain and that is where forecasts come into play. Continue reading

December 22, 2015

Process Intelligence and Management to Streamline Workflow and Improve Efficiency

By:- Preethivagadia

A couple of times every month, you might tweak your workflow, but does it boost your team efficiency? You know something is wrong somewhere and you want to fix it. But have you been able to identify what needs changing? Critical data is crucial to such decisions, and that is where process intelligence can help. Continue reading

September 15, 2015

Do We Need National Labor Relation Act?

The National Labor Relation Act or Wagner Act was passed in 1935 during the tenure of President Roosevelt with the aims of empowering the workers of manufacturing sector mainly. This act covers the workers at lower echelon of the hierarchy and the laborers mainly who have lower bargaining power to negotiate with the management. Continue reading

September 14, 2015


For decades there have been some forms or other forms of accounting and financial reporting across the world. Different countries have different accounting and financial reporting standards. These different accounting standards define and recognize assets and liabilities as well as costs and benefits in very different ways and these different definitions makes result into different values for different items. In many countries liabilities and costs are recognized in as such a way that they end mixing up things. In the same ways assets and benefits too are treated differently in different countries. These practices lead to huge differences in the values of assets and liabilities and costs and benefits[1]. Continue reading

September 13, 2015

What is Economic Interest Group Theory

It often happen that a few industry players end up getting favours from the government by liaison and campaigning and this end up ignoring the interest large group small players in unorganized sectors of the industry. So it becomes important for the government to respond to the interests of this large group of players. For this purpose the government comes up with new laws and provisions that are helpful to the small players in the industry and having right kind the control over the few big firms in the market. This practice strengthen government efforts at bringing more transparency and availability of vital and critical information regarding the social and environment costs and efforts made by the big corporations. This results into a discriminatory positive policy and regulatory response from the government that at the same time ensures and protects the interests of the large number of small players and bringing in right kind of information about the activities and costs relating to social and environment causes as well as efforts by the industry players. Continue reading

September 12, 2015

What is Capture Theory?

According to the capture theory a government agency that is established to regulate the industry to protect and benefit the society ends up acting for the interests and benefits of the industry instead. In other words the government agency is captured by the industry players. The regulations that are aimed at bringing more transparency and disclosure is helpful according to capture theory as the industry regulator is empowered to notify guidelines and directions to industry players and can take required actions for reinforcing the same and can punish the defaulting members of the industry. Continue reading

September 11, 2015

What is Public Interest Theory?

There has been a practice by the corporations of ignoring most of aspects relating other stakeholders and only concentrating on the financial performances. But the ignorance to the other aspects has huge cost on the society and public at large. There are huge costs relating to environment, society and other aspects that are often ignored but these needs to be taken care of properly there are some organizations that are found to be engaged in the socially responsible activities but this goes unnoticed because these efforts are not disclosed in annual reports in the same ways the financial performances are presented. So the government should come up with a regulation that makes it imperative to include the activities and costs that is borne by the environment and society to keep the organization going. Continue reading

September 1, 2015

Self Esteem

Self esteem is an expression of one’s perceptions regarding the convictions and confidence in what one can do and is worthy of. It is evaluated by the level of confidence in the applicant regarding the required skills and education to complete the job in the most effective and efficient manner. The applicants with high level of self esteem answer the question by using phrase I can than any other phrases like I believe or I do. When a candidate is confident of him performing duties and possessing the required skills then only answers with phrase I can. Apart from the confidence, it is body language as well as the facial expressions while discussing or talking about the skills also help in evaluating the self esteem level of the candidates. Besides the above mentioned ways, there is better way to evaluate the self esteem. The self esteem can be evaluated by using self esteem test consisting of questionnaires regarding skills and many other aspects of job as well as previous experiences. Continue reading

August 31, 2015

Why to Implement International Financial Reporting Standards

Many economies have accepted IFRS. So many companies across world have implemented IFRS and have started reporting according to the IFRS. The implementation to the IFRS results into huge benefits for the company. These benefits come in many ways and forms. These have huge impact on the competitiveness of the companies as well as it offers huge opportunities to the companies. This also provides better options for the finances. These benefits of implementation and reasons to implement these IFRS can be summarized as below: Continue reading